The Efficient School in the light of the School Climate and Teachers’ Pressure, By Hamdi Ali Faramawi
This paper studies the characteristics of the effective school in the Arab World by examining the school climate (democratic, autocratic), the level of pressures on teachers, and the student attendance and achievement. The researcher conducted a field study in which he surveyed 180 teachers in 15 preparatory schools in the two counties of Mannoufia and Gharbia (Egypt). He collected data on attendance and achievement over a period of four years. The findings revealed a strong correlation between the school climate and teacher pressure which decreases in democratic schools. This democratic school climate increased students’ learning as well. Yet the correlation between school climate and attendance was not confirmed. In short, he concludes that the characteristics of effective schools emanated from the democratic school climate, which allowed for less pressure on teachers and better learning for students.